Asleep at School

Reference:  Advance for Speech Pathologists and Audiologists  12/14/11

Sleep deprivation impacts academics and safety.

From memory to judgment, attention span, emotional stability and even immunity, sleep deprivation negatively affects school-age children,” reports Kristin Avis, MD, a sleep specialist and assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UA.  Of children under age 18, 60 percent polled by the National Sleep Foundation (NSF) complained of being tired during the day, and 15 percent reported falling asleep at school.

The NSF has guidelines for how much sleep children of various ages require.  Three-five year-olds need 11 to 13 hours per night, while 5-to 12-year olds need 10-11 hours.

“As for adolescents, it’s a common myth that they need less sleep and can handle only seven or eight hours,” said Dr. Avis.  “They actually need nine hours of sleep.  That’s typically the most sleep-deprived population in school.

A student can make up for the lack of one good night’s sleep, but going an entire school week without sufficient rest can be detrimental, she noted.  “You can sleep until noon on Saturday and feel caught up, but then you will go to bed later that night, sleep in on Sunday, and then repeat the cycle into the new school week.”

Children need a suitable amount of sleep every night.  Their bedrooms should be as tranquil as possible, which means removing noise-makers.

“On average, there are three to four electronic gadgets in a kid’s room,” Dr. Avis reported.  “It’s been shown that even sleeping with a television on deprives them of 20 minutes of sleep per night, which may not sound like a lot but adds up over a week’s time.

‘Cell phones are often used as an alarm clock, but for about $5 you  can invest in a real alarm clock so the phone can be turned off,” added Stephanie Wallace, MD, assistant professor of pediatrics at UAB.

Dr. Avis is exploring further what a bad night’s rest can do to a child.  She and David Schwebel, PhD, professor of psychology and director of the Youth Safety Lab at UAB, are studying sleep deprivation and pedestrian injury and general safety among children.

SLPCorner: Everyday Language Activities: Grocery Shopping with a Toddler

by Becca Jarzynski, MS, CCC-SLP

Reference: and written for parents. 

I included this post in my blog because I think it is important for Moms to realize they cannot do it all, but incorporating language stimulation in the midst of everyday life can be a nice balance. -Pam Hass, M.A. CCC-SLP 

In her post, Ellen explains that her son Max gets therapy sessions throughout his week but that “the sessions are only 45 minutes to an hour long and it’s the ways we put those therapy techniques into practice that matter most.”  She goes on to describe how attempting to accomplish therapy carryover at home used to be overwhelming and somewhat guilt-provoking, especially when therapists would leave long lists of tasks to be accomplished.  Then, Ellen reflects on how she has learned to do only what she can and let the rest go (yah!) and, most importantly, how she has learned to integrate the things Max needs into fun family activities that they were doing anyway.  Yes, I thought when I read her post. Yes.  That’s exactly what we are trying to encourage families to do when we work with them and their children as early intervention professionals.

With that in mind, I took my two-year old daughter grocery shopping.  I’m learning that much of life is to be found in the joy of daily activities, so I decided to slow the activity down-to enjoy it and her along the way.  As I did, I realized how much skill development was occurring right in the context of this simple and potentially mundane daily routine.

1) Two-year olds are developing and understanding simple concepts, so we wove them into our trip.  She put things “in” the cart and “under” it as well.  The cat litter was heavy (I let her drag it to the cart so she could experience what heavy meant) and the chips were light (as she threw them up and over the edge of the cart).  The bread was soft (and a bit squished after we were done) and the cans were hard.  The apples were big and the grapes were small.  I paired actions with words as we compared and contrasted all these things, and by the end of the trip, she was starting to use some of the words on her own to describe what she was doing or what she felt.  Even better, she had a blast helping gather the food, throwing things into the cart, and just generally being involved in the experience.

2) Toddlers this age are also just starting to use simple grammar elements such as: plural -s (cans), possessive -s (daddy’s), and -ing (pushing).  I used expansion and indirect correction to model her sentences back to her, a bit more correctly.  If she said, “two apple,” as we counted them and put them in the bag, I said “Yep, two apples!”  When she commented that she was holding, “daddy plum”, I responded with, “These are daddy’s plums!”  And when she said “I push!”
while pushing the cart down the aisle (and almost into the pickles), I replied that “Yes, you’re pushing!”

3)  Two-year olds are also merging into the world of pretend play and we wove this into our trip as well.  At one point, a jar of olives was a microphone and we were rock stars.  People may have thought us a bit odd, but we were certainly having fun.

The beautiful part of all of this is that it made the activity joyful for both of us.  She was learning and I was shopping, but most of all, we were just being mother and daughter, loving up life.

I must note, of course, that this won’t work for everyone, in every activity.  My daughter loves grocery shopping.  My son?  Hated it.  With him, getting through grocery shopping was an exercise in survival; my sole focus was on keeping him contained long enough that we could get the groceries we needed.  It wouldn’t have worked to slow it down, even if I had tried to engage him more.  It’s just how he was as a toddler, full of boundless energy that was exceedingly hard to corral.  When he was little, it was much easier to weave learning into football than into grocery shopping.  The activity has to fit the child, not the other way around.

And, there is also the danger of believing that every single activity throught the day has to be a learning experience.  It doesn’t.  Sometimes grocery shopping just needs to be grocery shopping, and that needs to be okay.  But when it doesn’t, when time can slow down just a bit, when children can learn in the context of an activity, that is truly a delight for everyone involved, that’s the sweet spot for sure.

Featured columnist: Becca Jarzynski, MS, CCC-SLP