Tag Archives: child

TOTS START FIGURING OUT WRITING EVEN BEFORE ABCS

An  article in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch of 1/10/16 says that an experiment finds youngsters grasp that words have different meaning than their drawing. Some of the highlights indicate that scribbling is a vehicle for language and a precursor to reading. It is an additional way to consider reading readiness, beyond the emphasis on phonetics or being able to point out an “A” in the alphabet chart. A child calls it a family portrait when it may look like a bunch of grapes. It is a great open door into the world of symbolic thought, according to the researcher, Hirsh-Pasek.

Strategies to help young kids read and write are:
1) Run a finger under the text when reading to youngsters, otherwise, they will pay more attention to the pictures according to Brett Miller of the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development.
2) Show children how you write their names well before they can attempt it said Temple University psychology professor athy Kirs-Pasek.
3) Encourage youngsters to invent their own spellings of other words after their name to spur them to write more according to developmental psychologist, Rebecca Treiman of Washington University in St. Louis.
4) When youngsters scribble, don’t guess what they produced-ask, Hirsh-Pasek said. It’s discouraging if a tot is about to announce he wrote a story and mom thinks he drew a house.
5) Post a scribble they are proud of on the refrigerator and they will figure out patterns with their scribbles. That’s more instructive than merely pasting copies of apples onto a page to make a recognizable picture according to Hirsh-Pasek.
6) Give tots a pencil or pen instead of a crayon if they say they want to “write” instead of “draw” so it will look more like text, Treiman said.

Remember to read to your children.  That is the foundation to learn to read.

If you want to make a speech therapy  appointment,  please contact my website at  www.interactivetherapy.net.  I also have a facebook page and twitter page where you can a plethora of information.

Pam Hass, Speech Language Pathologist

 

 

 

 

LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES TO DO AT HOME: PART 3

HAPPY NEW YEAR from  Interactive Therapy Inc.

This is a continuation of Part 2 of language activities to do at home to facilitate communication and interaction at home and in the community.

21.  Take your child on field trips.  There are many places in the St. Louis area which can provide your child with an enjoyable and enriching experience.

22.  Talk about the days of the week, the month and what will be happening that day, week, or month.

23.   Talk about the weather and how it looks today.  Discuss what type of clothes you need to wear  on the particular day.

24.  As each holiday approaches, discuss what it involves and what will be happening in your home.

25.  Talk about each season as it happens during the year.  Show and discuss the physical changes you see.

26.  Have your child say the word that finishes a riddle.  “Who delivers the mail?” (mail carrier).  “I bounce the  ________.”

25.  Read a story to your child, pausing at certain places, leaving out words; the child is to supply the missing word.

27.  To teach a child to ask questions, have him ask questions, have him ask questions concerning the location of a hidden object until it is found.

28.  Play descriptive games, e.g. “I Spy”.  Describe an object and have the child guess what it is, e.g. I have fur, a tail, four legs, and bark.”  “What am I?” (dog).  Also let your child try to describe something and you guess what it is he is describing.

29.  A deck of playing cards provides excellent teaching materials for matching and naming suits, pictures, numbers, and sets.

30.  Listening for sounds.  Have your child close his eyes and listen to the sounds going on around him.  Have him verbally identify what he hears.  Talk abut whether the sound is loud or soft, near or far away, high or low.

31.  Play Simon Says.  This gets the child to listen to commands auditorily and transfer commands to movements of body parts.

If you want more information or to schedule an appointment, please go to www.interactivetherapy.net.

 

Pam Hass, Speech Language Pathologist

 

 

LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES TO DO AT HOME

This is a continuation of last week’s language activities to increase vocabulary and to facilitate interaction and communication.

11. Play a game of following commands such as, “Bring me the spoon and the glass.” or “Close the door and turn on the light.” This teaches your child to listen and follow directions.

12. Use prepositions to play listening games. “Put the spoon in the glass.” Put the car behind the chair.” Where is the car?” “Put the cup between the forks.”

13. Hide objects in the room and have your child tell where he/she found them.

14. Help your child learn colors, shapes, and sizes by talking about objects in his/her everyday world. “This is a big, red, ball.” “It is round and it bounces.”

15. Take turns talking about things as you do them: “I am stirring.” “You are washing.” “I am dancing.” “We are shopping.”

16. Talk about how foods taste, look, feel, smell and sound as you eat them.

17. Count things as you do them, like buttoning, climbing steps, and setting the table.

18. Collect a box of junk. Take turns guessing what is in the box by the way it feels (close your eyes of course) or by the way it sounds when it is shaken or banged on the side.

19. Using measuring spoons, measuring cups, bowls and cans, put them in order from small to large and talk about which one is the smallest, biggest, and in the middle.

20. Play songs. Sing with your child. Nursery rhymes and simple songs build vocabulary and grammar.

If you want more information or to schedule an appointment with Interactive Therapy, go to www.interactivetherapy.net.

Pamela Hass
Speech Language Pathologist

LEARNING NEW WORDS: PART 3

Using natural activities will increase vocabulary.  When your child needs to learn a “target” word, try these activities:

  1. Find five pictures depicting the word and tape them in five major doorways throughout your house.  Place the pictures at your child’s eye level.  Now establish the “rule” that whenever a family member goes through that doorway, and your child is within listening distance, the family member must say the word or a short phrase containing the word.
  2. Use the word in some of your family’s favorite songs.
  3. Have your child participate in activities in which the word occurs (folding clothes, mealtime, playing with toys, dressing, bathtime, etc.). Use the word repeatedly throughout the activity.
  4. Encourage your child to use the word, but without too much pressure.  Continue the activities described to help the child listen to the word and see how using the word can influence other people.
Using activities of daily living to help your child learn new words and using the words repeatedly in the activity will help your child retain the word.  Praise your child for using the word in conversation when it occurs.
Reference:  The strategies were taken from Communication Skill Builders by Leslie S. McColgin.
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ENCOURAGE YOUR CHILD’S LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT: PART 4

This is the last segment of “Encourage Your Child’s Language Development”. We have reviewed and discussed the following points: 1) Be an active listener. 2) Let your child talk without interruptions. 3) Reward your child’s speech attempts. 4) If you don’t understand your child, help your child communicate more clearly. 5) Give your child enough time to respond to you. 6) Give your child feedback when making a sound or word error.

The last three points are:
7) Decrease the pressure placed on your child to talk by limiting the number of activities to be done at one time. It may be too difficult for your child to play with toys and talk at the same time. The TV or music may be too much of a distraction. Avoid making your child “perform” in front of others. If you want to show how your child can count in front of Grandpa, count together. Make the experience fun for everyone.

8) Discourage the use of “bad” words by encouraging other types of expression. Kids know that “bad” words can be used to shock people and get attention! The best response is to avoid acting shocked and explain that people don’t like those words and you don’t want to hear them. It is important to let your child know that you understand the child’s feelings. Attempt to teach your child another way to express emotions, e.g. hit a pillow when mad and say acceptable words like “no!”; “not happy”; or just “mad”. This way, you are accepting your child’s feelings and language attempts and suggesting other words or actions that can be used instead of “bad” words.

9) Know what to expect of your child. Help your child communicate within the range of your child’s ability. If you have a good idea about what your child can and cannot do, you will not demand too much–or accept less. Knowing this information will save frustration for both you and your child.

You can have a tremendous influence on your child’s language development. It takes time, patience and a real effort on your part. The rewards will be worth it-for both you and your child.

Reference: Communication Skill Builders, Author: Diann D. Grimm, M.A. C.C.C., Ed.S.

Editing by Pamela Hass, M.A. C.C.C. Speech Language Pathologist
Interactive Therapy Inc , www.interactivetherapy.net

ENCOURAGE YOUR CHILD’S LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT: PART 3

So far, we have discussed tips for learning language at home. They are: 1) Be an active listener. 2) Let your child talk. 3) Reward your child’s speech attempts. and 4) If you don’t understand your chld, help the child communicate more clearly.

More strategies will help your child develop language.

5) Give your child enough time to respond to you. Children with language problems often need extra time to process what you say. You should not assume that your child will be ready to respond as soon as you finish talking. If your child is unable to respond, repeat what you said. Your child may need to hear it again to fully understand the meaning. It will take a lot of patience on your part to wait and repeat if necessary, but it will improve your daily communications with your child.

6) When your child makes a sound or word, use feedback. Child: “Look, Daddy’s tar!” Caregiver would respond with, “Yes, Daddy’s Car! We ride in his car.” All you are doing is giving your child a chance to hear the correct form. It is not necessary to ask your child to repeat the correct form. In time, your child will probably begin to repeat the correct speech after you without being asked to do so. This allows you to avoid “correcting” your child’s speech and language. Nobody likes to be corrected! Your child needs to associate language development with good experiences. Try using feedback with your child. You will probably be pleased with the results.

Reference: Communication Skill Builders; Diana D. Grimm, M.A. CCC, Ed.S.

Encourage Your Child’s Language Development: PART 2

We are continuing to recommend ways to encourage language development.  The first two listed in my last post were 1) Be an active listener and 2) Let your child talk without interruptions.

Some other ways are:

3) Reward your child’s speech attempts by expressing approval in several ways.  Physical approval are smiles, hugs, kisses, and touch.   Verbal approval is “Good!”;  “I like that!”; “Nice talking!”;  “I like the way you use that new word.”  Natural consequences are an appropriate action in response to your child’s speech attempt, such as: Child says “Ju” and you as the parent would say “You want juice!” as you give your child juice.

4) If you don’t understand your child, help your child communicate more clearly: a)  Smile, don’t frown.  A frown may give your child the impression you are unhappy or angry. b) Acknowledge your child’s speech attempts and frustration at not being understood.  You might say, “I know you are trying to tell me something.  Sometimes it’s hard.” c) Try to understand one word of your child’s remark.  Use the word to ask the child to try again:  “Tell me about the dog.” d) If you continue to have difficulty understanding, ask your child to show you.  Have your child point to what he/she is talking about.  * Give multiple choice questions along with the objects that correspond to the question.  For example, “Do you want juice or milk?”

I will continue to give you strategies to encourage language development in your child in the next post.

Reference: Communication Skill Builders; Author Diann D. Grimm, M.A. CCC, Ed.S

* Edited by Pamela Hass, M.A. CCC-SLP